The best ways to prevent a sun-stress emergency are:
Heat-related injuries fall into three major categories: Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, and Heatstroke.
Heat Cramps - are muscular pains and spasms that occur when the body loses electrolytes during profuse sweating or when inadequate electrolytes are taken into the body. They usually begin in the arms, legs or abdomen, and often precede heat exhaustion. A person suffering from heat cramps should rest in the shade, get near a fan, spray the affected areas with water and massage the cramps.
Heat Exhaustion - is a medical emergency. When a person is suffering from heat exhaustion, he or she will perspire profusely and most likely will be pale. A person suffering from heat exhaustion should relocate to a cool place, apply cool compresses, elevate the feet and drink plenty of fluids.
Heatstroke - is the most serious heat-related injury because the brain loses its ability to regulate body temperature. The person will be hot, reddish and warm to the touch. The person’s temperature will be markedly high and there will be no perspiration. This is a medical emergency. Call 9-1-1! The emergency care of heatstroke is to cool the body as quickly as possible. One of the best methods for cooling the body during a heat emergency is to wrap the person in cool, wet sheets.
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Office of the Mayor
City of Haverhill, Massachusetts
City Hall, Room 100, 4 Summer Street, Haverhill, MA 01830
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